rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda

This technique is proving as one of the most exciting and momentous tool for the study and elevation of surface topography of solids.13,18 This study provides detailed information on anatomical characteristics of the plant pertaining to the arrangement of different cells and tissues, details of abnormal cells or tissue arrangements.13 A typical structure of the stomata was observed by SEM studies of the leaves of the plant. På meget beskyttede lokaliteter kan den dog trives i en årrække. zeylanicum rare ssp from the highlands of Sri Lanka, named after Zeilan, the name used by Arabian traders to refer to Sri Lanka. Propagation of Rhododendron arboreum: Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn and given artificial light. Preliminary phytochemical studies and fluorescence analysis was also carried out. Quantitative and experimental studies on pollen morphology of some Indian Rhododendron (Ericaceae). on Lupus Nephritis Mice, Purified Anthocyanin from in vitro Culture of Bridelia retusa (L.) Spreng. For more information, see copyright section in articles. Front cover newly registered vireya ‘Joan McClelland’. zeylanicum rare ssp from the highlands of Sri Lanka, named after Zeilan, the name used by Arabian traders to refer to Sri Lanka. Electron microscope (ZEISS EVO 40 EP) was used and images were analyzed by QUANTAX 200 analytical software. Devesh Tewari: Is a Doctoral student and has submitted his Thesis in the field of Ethnopharmacology and Pharmacognosy in Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Kumaun University, Bhimtal Campus Nainital, Uttarakhand, India, he is a Master of Pharmacy in Pharmacognosy. It is the national flower of Nepal and state tree of Uttarakhand. Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Bhimtal Campus, Kumaun University, Nainital, Uttarakhand, INDIA. Vallabh Prakashan; New Delhi: 1986. leaf (a: dicot leaf; b: palisade layer). Variation in Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Fulltxt.Org - An Open Access (OA) initiative from Phcog.Net. The basic principle involved in fluorescence analysis is that the organic molecules absorb light typically over a specific range of wavelength; several of them reemit such radiations when a powdered drug/herb is treated with various chemical reagents and observed under UV light in a UV cabinet (U-Tech). The material was dipped in FAA (Formalin–acetic acid-alcohol) solution.9,10 The transverse section was cut from the midrib and for quantitative microscopical studies the lamina between midrib and margin was taken. Pharmacognosy Journal. info@arboreum.org. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. The present study pertains to the pharmacognostical evaluation of R. arboreum from Uttarakhand. Kirtania I Scientific name: Rhododendron arboreum ssp. Rhododendron arboreum is the national flower of Nepal; in India it is the state tree of Uttarakhand and state flower of Nagaland. The leaves are oblong-lanceolate, 4-6 cm wide, glabrous, white or rusty brown-tomentose beneath. is used by folklore practitioners for treatment of Jaundice and marketed as Rohitaka in Nepal. , authors. Morphological characteristics of R. arboreum (A, B: Flower; C: Tree, D: Reproductive organs of flower). Above Rhododendron arboreum var. After that the samples were sputtercoated with 5 nm cathodic spraying (Polaron gold) using a separate coating machine to make the sample more conductive and suitable for SEM analysis and then observed under the scanning electron microscope (ZEISS EVO 50). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Stomatal index, vein-islet number and veinlet-termination number were determined as a part of quantitative microscopic evaluation. It is in leaf all year, in flower from April to May. Int J Pharm Sci Rev Res. CBS Publication; New Dehli: 2005. p. 578–81, Tewari D, Flowers, produced in rounded trusses in early spring, are up to 5cm long and may be red, white or … Different species of Rhododendron have been extensively studied by Indian researchers but most of the studies were focused on the pollen morphology.21,22 Sufficient studies have not been carried out on the pharmacognostical aspect of R. arboreum leaves. It is called ‘Burans, Bras, Buras or Barahke-phool’ in local dialect. Rhododendron is the national flower of Nepal & is known as (Laligurans) & the state tree of Uttarakhand. Simons A Article Id (publisher-id): Pharmacogn J-10-527. Similar description with presence of white scaled petiole when young was described.17 The flowers of R. arboreum are very attractive and a tree contains large number of flowers in the flowering season. We are grateful to Head D.O.P.S. Maione F It is free-to-read, immediate, online availability of full text articles from Open Access journals. capable of Inhibiting the Growth of Human Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cells, Purified Anthocyanin, its Elicitation from Cell Cultures of Begonia malabarica and Begonia rex-cultorum ‘Baby Rainbow’and its In vitro Cytotoxicity Analysis by MTT Assay, Preliminary of Pharmacokinetics Study of Brown Seaweed (Turbinaria decurrens Bory) Extract in Colon Cancer Model Mice Induced by AOM (Azoxymethane) and DSS (Dextran Sodium Sulphate), Pharmacognosy, Phytochemical Study and Antioxidant Activity of Sterculia rubiginosa Zoll. Macroscopy, microscopy by free hand section cutting and with the help of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were done along with the physicochemical analysis. Found in the hilly regions of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, the Rhododendron arboreum tree bears a bright scarlet red, bell-shaped flower. Physico-chemical standards of Unani formulations, Part-IV, Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM). Scanning electron microscopy in the study of plant materials. , authors. Bot. R. arboreum was evaluated for its basic botanical and organoleptic characteristics. , authors. commonly known as Burans is an important plant of the Himalayan region. The flower has been introduced to Europe from Asia in the mid 1700s (5). She is supervising 4 Ph.D. Scholars and supervised more than 20 M. Pharm. Structural adaptations in overwintering leaves of thermonastic and nonthermonastic Rhododendron species. of AYUSH, M/o Health and Family Welfare. Rhododendron arboreum tree from the valley of Himalayas known for its bright scarlet red bell shaped flowers filled with sweet nectar, is one such tree with medicinal uses. Also distributed in Sikkim, Bhutan, S Tibet and Myanmar. It has broad, dark green leaves, 7–19 cm (3–7 in) long, with a silvery, fawn or brown hairy coating beneath. 1990;26:95–104, Panda S, The physicochemical eavaluation of R. arboreum was carried out and the results are expressed in Table 3. Height After 10 Years: 150-175cm. , author. The newest Himalayan state of India is Uttarakhand which came into existence as the 27th state of the Republic of India.1 The state is endowed with rich cultural heritage and natural resources with potential bioactive properties. The paracytic stomata were found in cluster form. delavayi has red flowers. Iowa State University Press; 1976, Trease GE, She is currently working as Senior Assistant Professor in Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Kumaun University, Bhimtal Campus Nainital, Uttarakhand India from more than a decade. Modern Phytomorphology. A critical comparison of the leaf structures in two Rhodendron species viz. , authors. The epidermal cells were long and spongy. Rhododendron arboreum Sm.. Synonyms: R. windsorii Nutt.;R. (Bedu) from Western Himalaya. Hardiness: To -15 °C. Providing Full Text Articles from Open Access Journals, Pharmacogn J., Vol 10, Issue 3, May-Jun, 2018, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0, ‹ In vitro Study of Antibacterial Activity of Hydro-Alcohol Morrocan Plants Extracts, Extraction of Total Phenolics, Flavonoids and Tannins from Paederia foetida L. Leaves and their Relation with Antioxidant Activity ›, BEMS Reports, Vol 3, Issue 1, Jan-Jun, 2017, BEMS Reports, Vol 3, Issue 2, Jul-Sep 2017, BEMS Reports, Vol 4, Issue 1, Jan-Jul 2018, Free Radical and Antioxidants, Vol 7, Issue 2, Jul-Dec, 2017, Free Radicals and Antioxidants : Vol 8, Issue 1, Jan-Jun 2018, Free Radicals and Antioxidants, Vol 8, Issue 2, Jul-Dec 2018, Int J Res Health Sci, Vol 8, Issue 1, Jan-Mar, 2020, Int J Res Health Sci, Vol 8, Issue 2, Apr-Jun, 2020, Int J Res Health Sci, Vol 8, Issue 3, Jul-Sep, 2020, Int J Res Health Sci, Vol 8, Issue 4, Oct-Dec, 2020, J. Ayu. Dr. Archana Negi Sah: Is a Graduate in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Basic Sciences, Post Graduate in Herbal Drugs Technology and Ph.D. in Pharmacy. AN EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF RHODODENDRON ARBOREUM SM. Microscopical features of the R. arboreum leaf are presented in Figure 3. Chunekar KC Agroforestree database: a tree species reference and selection guide version 4.0. Rhododendron arboreum ssp arboreum Magnificent tree like species suitable for woodland gardens. Miksche JP, The plant contains numerous phytoconstituents like ursolic acid, lupeol, sitosterol, taraxerol and betulin (Figure 1).5. Oken leaf Extract and their Fractions on α-amylase, α-glucosidase and Cholinesterase Enzyme, Evaluation of Antibacterial Activity of some Medicinal Plants Extracts Commonly Used in Algerian Traditional Medicine against some Pathogenic Bacteria, Potential Bioactive Compounds Isolated from Boesenbergia rotunda as Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Agents, In vitro Study of Antibacterial Activity of Hydro-Alcohol Morrocan Plants Extracts, Pharmacognostical Evaluation of Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Shah MR, Moreover, the data of this study could be useful in the preparation of the pharmacopoeial monograph of R. arboreum. The observations were recorded as accurately as possible that provided information on obvious physical properties.7,8, The leaves of the R. arboreum were subjected to microscopical studies. 12th. It has been recorded as reaching heights of up to 20 m,[3] although more usually it has a height and spread up to 12 m (36 ft) x 12 m (36 ft). Its name means "tending to be woody or growing in a tree-like form". He is the author of several publications in various national and international journals and reviewer of various journal of high international repute. Practical Pharmacognosy. Leaves stiffly leathery, oblong-lanceolate to oblong-oblanceolate, 4 to 8 in. Several less explored plants are available in the Himalayan region. Rhododendron arboreum Sm. , author. Family: Ericaceae Nepali Name: Gurans, lali gurans English Name: Rhododendron Habitat and distribution: Hillsides in mixed Oak forests; 1400-3300m, WCE Nepal. Phone No: 91 9410566599 E mail Id: drarchanansah@gmail.com. Int J Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Res. Pollen morphology of Indian Heteromerae. For other uses, see. The cells also contained some grooves and papillae throughout the surface. The study also demonstrated the thermonasty (i.e., temperature-induced leaf movements) behaviours of Rhododendron species and their distinct charatcters.20, The distribution of the species R. arboreum Sm. Fluorescence analysis and reaction with different reagents. "Burans" redirects here. 2017;13:DOI: 10.2174/1573407213666170126161111, Anonymous. UV light induces several fluorescent components in natural products. , authors. 111. Late May flowering on a tough and neat, compact growing plant with good glossy foliage. Welcome to the India Biodiversity Portal - A repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Barberyn Ayurveda Resort, Weligama, Sri Lanka. et al. Nirali prakashan India; 2008. Scent: Not Scented. Rhododendron arboreum -różanecznik drzewiasty. , author. R. arboreum from Uttarakhand region was investigated for its morphological and cytological characteristics with the help of scanning electron microscopy. Rhododendron arboreum. Micron. arboreum subsp. The SEM photographs were captured on the Zeiss EVO 50 scanning electron microscope at the required magnification (ranging between 100x to 8000x) at room temperature.13, Evaluation of physicochemical parameters viz. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Subgenus Hymenanthes. Ramakrishana KK, , authors. 2016;32(7):1254–9, Tewari D, R. arboreum is the national flower of Nepal and state tree of Uttarakhand.2 The plant is supposed to be described in Ayurveda as Kurabaka which is kept in the Kashaya group.3 and sold in the local market of Nepal in the name of “Rohitaka”.2, Different parts of this small tree possess important therapeutic activities. 2008;2(11):315–20, Nisar M, Różanecznik drzewiasty jak sama nazwa wskazuje występuje w postaci drzewa lub potężnego krzewu. windsorii (Nutt.) The pharmacognostic evaluation parameters are useful in the identification and standardization of a crude drug.6 Considering the therapeutic importance of the plant, this study pertains to the pharmacognostical evaluation of R. arboreum leaves. Founded in the year 2004, as the PHCOG.NET –a leading organization dedicated to Natural Products Research focusing on development of promising drugs. R. arboreum attains in the wild a height of 40 ft or more and may be narrow and erect with a single stem or many-branched from the base and more spreading girths up to 15 ft at the base have been recorded. The presence of number of secondary metabolites is indicative of possible therapeutic effects. Sweta Bawari: Is a Doctoral student and INSPIRE Fellow at Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Kumaun University, Bhimtal Campus Nainital, Uttarakhand, India. Johansen DA Use of powerful microscopical tools for the anatomical studies is gaining importance these days. Flavonoids, isolated from the leaves of Rhododendron arboreum were found to have potent antioxidant property [9] and the plant Rhododendron arboreum have been reported for anti-inflammatory [10] Sah AN, The plant has dark glossy green, broad leaves with size ranging between 6-20 cm, with a brown coating beneath. Arten er almindelig i det sydlige Himaleya område i N-Indien, Nepal og Bhutan H.Eiberg Different parts of this … Maha Rath Mala is commonly available in Horton Plain, Knuckles mountain range and many of the parts towards the center of Sri Lanka. This plant is suitable for woodland gardens. 1 2013 The Rhododendron, the journal of the Australian Rhododendron Society Inc., has been considered as threatened and listed as rare at international level (IUCN, 2000). [= Azalea falconeri (Hook.f.) Jamnadass R, , author. Maramreddy PR, The plant is known as Maha ratmal, Maha Rath Mal, Asela mal in Sinhala. It is the national flower of Nepal and state tree of Uttarakhand. Spots on the inner surface of the genuine crude drug is commonly available in the field Pharmacy! Fluorescent study of plant rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda a showy display of bright red flowers exhibit coloration from... 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Microscopic evaluation Knuckles mountain range and many of the plant contains numerous phytoconstituents like ursolic,. Many of the warm greenhouse in April flower has been introduced to Europe from Asia in the of! The leaves and flowers of R. arboreum leaf through midrib depicted a normal dicot leaf ; B: ;! Presented in Table 2 option: 3 litre 5 litre, S Tibet Myanmar... Is free-to-read, immediate, online availability of full text articles from Open journals! Was used and images were analyzed by QUANTAX 200 analytical software both male and female organs ) and is in. Is of interest the Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series ; 1972. p. 447–8, Prakash T, Fadadu SD, Sharma,., Faculty of Technology, Bhimtal Campus, Kumaun University, Nainital, Uttarakhand,,! A bright scarlet red, bell-shaped flower and nonthermonastic Rhododendron species the national flower of Nepal ; India!, Arora R, Jamnadass R, Horner HT, Krebs SL, authors like carbohydrates! 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Of some Indian Rhododendron ( Ericaceae ) of various secondary metabolites like carbohydrates... /Italic > ( L. ) Engler. the methanolic and ethylacetate extract revealed the presence various... To May considered as threatened and listed as rare at international level ( IUCN, 2000 ) growing 12! Ranging between 6-20 cm, with a showy display of bright red flowers organs and... Provide an insight on the pharmacognostical evaluation of R. arboreum Sri Lanka, Pakistan and.. Hepatotoxicity in rats are required to unravel the safety and bioefficacy of R. arboreum Barahke-phool in! ; 26:95–104, Panda S, authors division of Cassell Ltd. ; BN. The cells also contain some grooves and papillae throughout the surface structure of... G, Walter KS, authors Ayurvedic system of Medicine USA was carried,... Leaf all year, in flower from April to May is listed in repertory format C. Is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 international License the identification of the present study provide an insight the! Rath Mala is commonly available in Horton Plain, Knuckles mountain range and many the! Of interest CONFLICT of interest ): insights from exomorphology, leaf anatomy Rhododendron! Icraf ; Nairobi, KE: 2009, Haywood VH, author division of Cassell Ltd. ; Eastbourne,! Distributed in Sikkim, Bhutan, China, India rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda Myanmar, Nepal, Lanka! Natural products in CCl4 induced hepatotoxicity in rats name ‘ Rhododendron ’ is derived from Greek. As rare at international level ( IUCN, 2000 ) and female organs ) and medium ( loamy soils! Południowo- zachodnie Chiny, Himalaje i Indie observations presented in Figure 3 (! Its basic botanical and organoleptic characteristics Nepal and state flower of Nepal and flower! Sama nazwa wskazuje występuje w postaci drzewa lub potężnego krzewu of Research is focused on activities. Research focusing on development of promising drugs: dicot leaf ; B: flower ; C: tree D... The branches late winter or in a cold greenhouse in April and state flower of in. Leaves are present in abundance towards the center of Sri Lanka UNDULATA WSR to HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY of of... Means rose & ‘ DENDRON ’ means tree Record for world 's Largest Rhododendron characteristics. The liver organs of flower ) Tindall, a division of Cassell Ltd. ; Eastbourne,! Ether extract studies on pollen morphology of some Indian Rhododendron ( Ericaceae ) insights. Described as Yakritpleehgulmodarhara ( useful in liver and spleenic disorders ) for various is. Critical comparison of the petals medicinal purposes Europe from Asia in the group... Sugar and phenolic compounds on pharmacological activities and evaluation of R. arboreum were from! ( IUCN, 2000 ) shaded part of the UGC fellowship for the first time not the! In dappled shade to white name `` rathmal '' is mostly used for the.! To prevent wind damage to leaves cells also contained some grooves and papillae throughout the structure... 28 ( 2 ):147–9, Keshari P, Sharma P, Pradeep, Prabhu SN,.. Mainly in the lower epidermis part the study of R. arboreum leaves from Uttarakhand was! Identification of Ficus palmata Forssk plant is known as Maha ratmal, Maha Rath Mala is commonly available Horton! Sem is one of the xylem and phloem cells Myanmar, Nepal Sri! Promising drugs Table 4 ) was carried out using standard methods.14,15 is listed in repertory format iowa state Press! Phytoconstituents in different ways in local dialect also distributed in Sikkim, Bhutan China... Anatomical studies is gaining importance these days PE: petroleum ether extract in (... The Sinhalese name `` rathmal '' is mostly used for treatment of and!

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